Mario Cucinella’s Italian Pavilion for Expo 2025 Osaka is the emblem of an Ideal City

18 Sept 2023

4 min


Mario Cucinella Architects (MCA) has revealed its winning design for the Italian Pavilion at Expo 2025 Osaka. The proposed timber-based architecture, titled La Città Ideale, reflects a modern interpretation of the Ideal City, a symbolic image of the Italian Renaissance. More specifically, MCA’s project spotlights the country’s vision of a social space based on integration, inclusivity, and a culture of hands-on engagement founded on real relationships and interactions — well-represented by concepts deeply rooted in the Italian tradition, like the ‘Piazza’ (public square), ‘Teatro’ (theater), and ‘Giardino’ (garden). These cultural artifacts will be placed in evidence, decomposed, and then re-proposed in an unexpected contemporary way. Like a living organism, the pavilion’s flexibility and adaptability ultimately promote a new relationship between art, technology, the environment, people, and history.

Visual by MCA Visual


The team at Mario Cucinella Architects translated that vision by dividing the Italian Pavilion at Expo 2025 Osaka (see more here) into two parts: a showcase building containing the exhibition itself (the core experience) and a service area hosting secondary functions located behind the showcase. Along the main facade, an open portico with giant columns greets visitors and offers a view into a large atrium, framing the architecture of the internal route. Stepping inside, a fully immersive journey unfolds, with Renaissance paintings and majestic spaces that ooze Italian heritage and culture. The pavilion also presents itself as a structure that lets itself be permeated by the luminescence from the sky and sea around the site.

Visual by MCA Visual


This dramatic experience is divided into three separate ‘acts’, each rooted in locations and experiences in which Italy has been an innovator. The first act is the Theater; Italy’s theatrical heritage (in the architectural space, technological innovation, and revolutionary acting methods) is limitless. Visitors to the Theater will experience an alteration of their perceptions and possible future scenarios will suggest themselves; the spectator will become interchangeable with the actor, and the real will become indistinguishable from the virtual, in an immersive, multisensory theatrical space that subjects the spectator to visual suggestions along with sounds, movements, and colors.

Next up is the Ideal City. First developed as a theme in fifteenth century painting to represent the theoretical Renaissance concept of the Ideal City, this concept is depicted as a place of deafening emptiness, where the absence of human life made Utopia a dystopian, metaphysical place. That consideration will be an opportunity to bring back people, nature, sustainability, and life to the center of the future Ideal City. The latter would combine an inclusive, social approach to quality and craftsmanship with new technologies — creating a space for narrative, in-depth knowledge, and creation. This section of the pavilion includes a series of modern workshops, each dedicated to a different theme: technology and energy; food and the environment; manufacturing and design; and art and architecture.

The last act unfolds as the Italian Garden on the roof of the Pavilion, a place for leisure and delight. MCA reworked the classical idea of the labyrinth, offering an opportunity for visitors to experience a new equilibrium between human and plant life, and between the natural and the artificial, balancing the organic originality of life with the rationality of human design.

Visual by MCA Visual


Material-wise, following an analysis of Osaka’s climate and environmental impact, the architects decided to operate the construction site as a circular economy. For that purpose, the priorities include using products of natural origin, short supply chains, recycled content, avoiding toxic ingredients, and obtaining sustainability certifications. The structural framework will thus mainly comprise timber — one of the most readily available materials — sourced from certified local supply chains, and contamination will be minimized by giving preference to mono-material components.

At the end of its lifecycle, the Pavilion will become a mine for materials. The characteristics of each element will be such that they can be adapted to new requirements by undergoing natural processes of transformation that require no further processing. After Expo 2025 Osaka closes down, the Pavilion is intended to become an archive for display as an ‘Italian Workshop’: a database of Italy’s best practices, patents, projects, sustainable ideas, collaborations between human intelligence and artificial intelligence, social successes in respect of integration, commercial partnerships between companies, and agreements between countries. ‘In keeping with the Expo subtheme Saving Lives and with the objectives of the SDGs, the project […] and the compositional, technological, and material decisions involved in it, will promote a renewed balance between man, nature, and technology and can become a powerful tool for promoting and inspiring action, and for establishing new synergies to develop a more sustainable future,’ shares MCA.


Visual by MCA Visual

Visual by MCA Visual

Visual by MCA Visual

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